Major events occurred in iran dating back to 2016 bce dating excuses
The official royal court and seat of government was relocated to Thebes, while a rival dynasty (the 14th), centered on the city of Xois in the Nile delta, seems to have existed at the same time as the 13th. C., a line of foreign rulers known as the Hyksos took advantage of Egypt’s instability to take control.
The Hyksos rulers of the 15th dynasty adopted and continued many of the existing Egyptian traditions in government as well as culture.
King Menes founded the capital of ancient Egypt at White Walls (later known as Memphis), in the north, near the apex of the Nile River delta.
The capital would grow into a great metropolis that dominated Egyptian society during the Old Kingdom period.
C.) and continued under his sister and regent, Queen Sobekneferu (1789-1786 B.
C.), who was the first confirmed female ruler of Egypt and the last ruler of the 12th dynasty.
For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 B. From the great pyramids of the Old Kingdom through the military conquests of the New Kingdom, Egypt’s majesty has long entranced archaeologists and historians and created a vibrant field of study all its own: Egyptology.
C.—ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in the Mediterranean world.
Two other pyramids were built at Giza for Khufu’s successors Khafra (2558-2532 B. The pharaohs held absolute power and provided a stable central government; the kingdom faced no serious threats from abroad; and successful military campaigns in foreign countries like Nubia and Libya added to its considerable economic prosperity.Neolithic (late Stone Age) communities in northeastern Africa exchanged hunting for agriculture and made early advances that paved the way for the later development of Egyptian arts and crafts, technology, politics and religion (including a great reverence for the dead and possibly a belief in life after death). C., two separate kingdoms were established: the Red Land to the north, based in the Nile River Delta and extending along the Nile perhaps to Atfih; and the White Land in the south, stretching from Atfih to Gebel es-Silsila.A southern king, Scorpion, made the first attempts to conquer the northern kingdom around 3200 B. A century later, King Menes would subdue the north and unify the country, becoming the first king of the first dynasty.The 13th dynasty marked the beginning of another unsettled period in Egyptian history, during which a rapid succession of kings failed to consolidate power.As a consequence, during the Second Intermediate Period Egypt was divided into several spheres of influence.